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Express Entry官方问答五:ECA学历认证

41.快速通道如何运用从语言测试和教育认证评估(ECA)获取到的信息?
快速通道用多种方式运用信息。
填写资料完成后,ECA会被用来检测你是否达到Express Entry的标准。
在候选人有权进入Express Entry之前,资料会通过CRS评定,根据其语言成绩,在加拿大教育机构学历,以及通过完成ECA报告获取的由加拿大移民局官方认可的国外教育机构的学历。
备注:申请联邦技术类移民,必须持有ECA。申请联邦技工类移民,或者加拿大经验类移民,ECA为可选项目。但是会帮助你在CRS教育中获得更多的分数,提高从群中脱颖而出的几率。
41. How does Express Entry use the information from language tests or an Education Credential Assessment (ECA)?
The Express Entry system uses the information in a number of different ways.
When you fill out your profile, the ECA is used (where applicable) to see if you meet the criteria to get into the Express Entry pool.
Before candidates can enter the Express Entry pool, all candidates’ profiles are awarded points through the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) based on their language scores and educational attainment from a Canadian institution or educational credential from a foreign institution that has been validated through an ECA report completed by an organization designated by Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC).
Note: If you are hoping to apply to the Federal Skilled Worker Program, you must have an ECA. If you are hoping to apply to the Federal Skilled Trades Program or Canadian Experience Class, an ECA is optional, but it may help you earn more points for education on the CRS and improve your chances of being drawn from the pool.

42.是否必须持有ECA?
对于并未在加拿大受过教育,又想在有关联邦技术移民的Express Entry里被考虑选出,ECA是必需要有的。
对于申请联邦技工类移民和加拿大经验类移民的候选人,ECA是可选的。但它对CRS中获得的分数有帮助,进而提高被选中的几率。
42. Do I need to get an Education Credential Assessment (ECA)?
An ECA is required for candidates in the Express Entry pool who wish to be considered for draws related to the Federal Skilled Worker Program, unless they were educated in Canada.
For candidates who are hoping to apply to the Federal Skilled Trades Program or Canadian Experience Class, an ECA is optional but may increase the points they receive on the CRS and improve their chances of being drawn from the pool.

43. ECA就意味着申请人的职业资格证在获取管制行业许可证时是被认可的吗?
不是。因为移民取得的ECA并不意味着工作经历和职业资格证就会在加拿大取得管制行业许可证时自动被认可。如果属于管制行业,还必须通过计划定居的省或地区相关程序,以获得许可证。监管当局通过对其资格证的评估和认证,来判定是否发放许可证。这其中包括教育评估,经验或技能,和语言的熟练程度,以及其他一些要求。准备在管制行业工作的申请人,应该联系预计居住省份的监管当局。
43. Does an Education Credential Assessment (ECA) mean that an applicant’s professional credentials have been recognized to get a license in a regulated profession?
No. Getting an ECA for immigration does not mean that your work experience and professional credentials are automatically recognized in Canada to get a license in a regulated profession. If you work in a regulated profession, you must still go through the process of getting your license in the province or territory that you plan on settling in. Regulatory authorities determine an applicant’s readiness for licensure by assessing and recognizing “qualifications,” which may include an assessment of education, experience/competencies and language proficiency, in addition to other requirements. Applicants intending to work in a regulated profession should contact the regulatory authority in the province where they plan to live to find out more about how to obtain licensure.

44.什么组织可以完成ECA或语言测试?
加拿大移民局选取了三个组织来评估所有国外的教育证书。
多伦多大学比较教育评估;
ICAS; 和
WES.
如申请:
——专科医生(NOC3111),全科或家庭医生(NOC3112),必须通过加拿大医学会MCC做ECA。
——药剂师(NOC3131),必须通过加拿大药学研究董事会PEBC做ECA.
备注:此两处专业机构(MCC和PEBC)所需ECA是由加拿大移民局指定,用于移民相关事宜,是行业的监管当局在整体认证过程中的一个要素。请联系计划居住省份的监管当局,了解更多获取许可的相关信息。
对于其他职业,浏览CIC除此之外的指定组织官网,或者直接与他们取得联系,以便了解哪个更适合自己的需要。参考一下几点:
具有某些监管机构或者较大雇主的指定组织成员,这就意味着为了向CIC申请取得的ECA,以后还会对你有很大帮助。

44. What organizations can complete an Education Credential Assessment (ECA) or language test?
CIC has selected three organizations that can assess any foreign educational credential:
Comparative Education Service: University of Toronto School of Continuing Studies;
International Credential Assessment Service of Canada; and
World Education Services, Canada.
If you are applying:
as a specialist physician (NOC 3111) or general practitioner/family physician (NOC 3112), the Medical Council of Canada must do an ECA for your primary medical diploma;
as a pharmacist (NOC 3131), the Pharmacy Examining Board of Canada must do your ECA.
Note: ECAs done by the two professional bodies designated by CIC (Medical Council of Canada and Pharmacy Examining Board of Canada) are used by CIC for immigration purposes and are recognized by the profession’s regulatory authorities as one component of their overall licensure process. Please contact the regulatory authority in the province where you plan to live for more information on the licensure process.
For any other occupation, check the websites of the other CIC-designated organizations or contact them directly to find out which one best suits your needs. Consider the following:
Some designated organizations partner with certain regulatory bodies or large employers. That means that the ECA you obtain for your application to CIC might also help you later on.
Check with each designated organization to find out what other organizations recognize their assessments.
Learn more about Educational Credential Assessments.

45.取得ECA的花费是多少?
取得ECA的花费和时间是有差异的,具体参考指定组织官网信息。
45. How much does an Education Credential Assessment (ECA) cost?
The cost of an ECA and the length of time to get one vary. Find out more on the websites of the designated organizations.

46.什么时候必须递交语言测试成绩或者ECA?
创建EE资料时,必须包含测试名称和语言测试的最终成绩。
如果在加拿大境外完成的学业,还必须列举出ECA列表中等同于加拿大教育的项目。以及ECA的参考编号(有时也称CIC编号)。如果受邀申请永久居民,会通过测试评估机构来核实给出的信息。
收到最新语言测试成绩或ECA结果时,你需要及时更新资料。
备注:如果申请联邦技术移民,需要ECA表明此国外教育证书等同于完成了一个加拿大文凭。如果申请联邦技工类移民或者加拿大经验类移民,ECA不是必需的。但是它能在CRS中获得更多的分数,进而提高被选出的几率。
如果已经拿到了ITA,在审核永久居民申请的过程中,可能需要更多关于结果的信息。
备注:申请永久居民需要的语言测试成绩或者ECA会在发出机构进行确认。如果在过程中的任何一点上给出了有误信息,你可能会被:
——因为造假禁止进入加拿大,并且
——五年内禁止申请永久居民身份。
46. When will I have to submit my language test results and/or Education Credential Assessment (ECA)?
When you create your Express Entry profile, you will have to include the test identifier and results score of your language test. If you completed your education outside Canada, you will also have to show what your (ECA) report lists as the equivalent Canadian education. You must also include the report’s reference number (sometimes known as the “CIC number”). We will verify the information you gave us with the testing/assessment organizations if you are invited to apply for permanent residence.
You should also update your profile any time you receive updated language test scores or ECA results.
Note: If you are hoping to apply to the Federal Skilled Worker Program, you must have an ECA that indicates that your foreign educational credentials are equivalent to a completed Canadian credential. If you are hoping to apply to the Federal Skilled Trades Program or Canadian Experience Class, an ECA is optional, but it may help you earn more points for the education component on the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) and improve your chances of being drawn from the pool
If you get an ITA, we may ask for more information about your results as we process your application for permanent residence.
Note: When you apply for permanent residence, your language tests and/or ECAs will be validated with the organization that issued them. If you give false information at any point in the process, you could be:
found inadmissible to Canada for misrepresentation; and
barred for five years from applying for permanent resident status.

47.语言测试成绩和ECA的有效期是多长时间?
语言测试成绩的有效期是两年,通过EE取得永久居民递交申请时必须有效。
ECA的有效期是五年,通过EE取得永久居民递交申请时必须有效。
47. How long are language test and Education Credential Assessment (ECA) results valid for?
Language test results are valid for 2 years. They must be valid at the time an application for permanent residence under Express Entry is submitted.
ECAs are valid for 5 years and must also be valid at the time an application for permanent residence under Express Entry is submitted.

48.我的职业属于管制行业,我在哪里可以获取如何取得授权的信息?
各省以及地区都有责任通过监管和学徒当局对管制的职业和贸易发放许可证。然而,因为所处地区的不同,许可证的发放就会有各种不同的要求。并且,某些职业并不是在每个省都属于管制行业。
雇主也会提供给那些正在努力工作以拿到授权的未来移民者一个跟职业相关的工作邀请。
备注:如果你的职业在管制行业内,你必须通过计划居住的省或地区的相关程序取得授权。ECA或者ITA的邀请并不能说明你的工作经验和职业资格证书就会自动被加拿大所认可。
如果你计划在加拿大从事管制行业的工作,应该尽快联系计划居住省或地区的监管当局。他们会告诉你获取授权的相关程序。
48. I work in a regulated/licensed profession. Where can I get information on how to get licensed in Canada?
Each province and territory is responsible for licensing regulated professions and trades through regulatory bodies and apprenticeship authorities. However, there may be different requirements for licensing depending on where you live. Also, some professions are not regulated in every province.
Learn more about the credential recognition process.
Employers may choose to make a job offer to a prospective immigrant for a related occupation while they work toward getting licensed.
Note: If you work in a regulated profession, you must go through the process of getting your license in the province or territory that you plan on settling in. An Education Credential Assessment (ECA) or an Invitation to Apply (ITA) does not mean that your work experience and professional credentials are automatically recognized in Canada.
If you plan to work in an occupation that is regulated in Canada, you should contact the regulatory authority in the province or territory where you plan to live as soon as possible. They can give you information about the process for being licensed.

49. EE如何改善想要从事管制行业新入者的获取途径?
作为加拿大政府在经济移民系统改革中的一部分,国外资格认证的改进和认证的方法享有优先权。
随着省以及地区之间合作的增长,监管当局和专业组织致力于提高获取授权以及潜在移民来加拿大之前通过认证工具进行的进程。使移民者在国外资格认证时获得优势。
依据ECA,EE潜在候选人的国外教育证书是根据加拿大标准来评估和认证的。这就使得申请人的教育能够更好的契合加拿大劳动力市场,帮助他们在移民和加拿大人生规划上作出更加明智的选择。目前,有五家CIC指定机构为移民递送ECA服务,包括两家专业团体(MCC和PEBC)。并有更多的组织和专业机构将被指定接收这一服务。
备注:如果申请联邦经验类移民,需要ECA表明此国外教育证书等同于完成了一个加拿大文凭。如果申请联邦技工类移民或者加拿大经验类移民,ECA不是必需的。但是它能在CRS中获得更多的分数,进而提高被选出的几率。
EE中递交用于申请永久居民申请的ECA,将在受理过程中到发证机构核实。
49. How will Express Entry improve the pathway for newcomers wanting to work in a regulated occupation?
As part of the reforms being made by the Government of Canada to its economic immigration system, improvements to foreign credential recognition (FCR) and the way credentials are recognized are being prioritized.
Increased collaboration with provinces and territories, regulatory authorities, and professional bodies is resulting in the development of steps to make their license and assessment tools accessible to potential immigrants before they come to Canada, giving immigrants a head start on the recognition of their qualifications.
Through an Education Credential Assessment (ECA), a potential Express Entry candidate’s foreign educational credentials are authenticated and assessed against Canadian standards. This allows applicants to have a better sense of how their education fits into the Canadian labour market and helps them make more informed choices about immigration and Canadian career paths. There are currently five organizations designated by Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) to deliver ECA services for immigration purposes, including two professional bodies (Medical Council of Canada and the Pharmacy Examining Board of Canada). Work is being done to add more organizations and professional bodies to the list of those designated to provide ECA services.
Note: If you are hoping to apply to the Federal Skilled Worker Program, you must have an ECA that indicates that your foreign educational credentials are equivalent to a completed Canadian credential. If you are hoping to apply to the Federal Skilled Trades Program or Canadian Experience Class, an ECA is optional, but it may let you earn more points for the education component on the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) and improve your chances of being drawn from the pool.
All ECAs included in an Express Entry profile will be validated with the issuing organization when an application for permanent residence is submitted for processing.

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