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Express Entry和风险投资移民:关于递交人数的两个新闻

Express Entry第一次邀请了779人,那么邀请的时候有多少人在池子里呢?下面这篇报道给出了答案。

A total of 779 candidates were selected in the inaugural round of Ottawa’s revamped skilled immigration program, but critics are already calling for the program to be fine-tuned.
The successful applicants, selected at the end of January, accounted for 26 per cent of an estimated 3,000 people who entered the draw for the federal government’s highly-touted Express Entry program.
The decisive factor was securing a positive Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) by a prospective employer to prove a candidate possesses skills that are in high demand.
Successful candidates were those who scored at least 886 points out of a maximum of 1,200. Securing a positive LMIA automatically earned applicants 600 points, while personal attributes such as education, language skills and work experience made up the other 600 possible points.
However, in the aftermath of Ottawa’s temporary foreign worker program controversy, critics say it has become too difficult to acquire an LMIA as officials tighten the screening for assessing if a foreigner’s skills are in demand.
“It’s the first draw under the new Express Entry program and the numbers were quite low. The pass mark was 35 per cent lower than the max. The kick of it is to get a positive LMIA,” said Toronto immigration lawyer Sergio Karas.
“But LMIAs are incredibly difficult to get. It’s such a laborious, time-intensive and complicated process for employers. Service Canada now looks for things to refuse an application. Why would employers spend the time and money on these applications?”
Karas also said that the pool of applicants should be widened by exempting some people from obtaining LMIAs, since workers from countries that have trade agreements with Canada don’t require the documents.

“That includes those who have graduated in Canada and currently hold postgraduate work permits, and those who are here under exempt categories, such as NAFTA professionals and intracompany transferees,” said Karas.
Under the new two-step selection system, all applicants are screened to enter the pool and then ranked against each other in order to be invited to apply for permanent residency.
Roughly 10,000 people applied for the inaugural draw and 3,000 were entered into the pool.
Although the government has touted the program’s expediency in matching employers with prospective migrants via the Canadian job bank, Karas said it does not make sense for employers to advertise a position in a job bank as part of the LMIA application when they have already recruited a prospect and made a job offer.
“It is ridiculous to require employers to advertise to look for somebody else or compete against other employers to hire the person,” said Karas, explaining the added factor for employers’ reluctance to apply for the LMIA on an applicant’s behalf.
Immigration Minister Chris Alexander said he was happy with the results of the program’s inaugural draw.
“The fact that everyone who was invited to apply for permanent residence in this round of invitations already has valid job offers, or provincial nominations, shows that Express Entry is working to fill Canada’s existing labour market gaps,” Alexander said.
“With Express Entry, we’re inviting highly skilled candidates with a high chance of success in Canada to apply for permanent residence, and bringing them to Canada more quickly and easily than ever before.”
Critics also complain the new system lacks transparency.
“Even people already working here may not be deemed worthy or qualified to be permanent resident. There’s no rationale provided how the cut-off was set,” said lawyer Mario Bellissimo, past president of the Canadian Bar Association’s immigration law section.
“When these (numbers) become moving targets, there’s less transparency and little justification, the integrity of the system is called into question.”
A second draw, held February 7, also selected 779 candidates, with a passing score of 818. The successful candidates must respond to the invitation within 60 days. Failed candidates will remain in the pool for six months for future draws. Between 15 and 25 draws are planned for 2015.

原文链接:http://www.thestar.com/news/immigration/2015/02/13/critics-call-for-fine-tuning-of-federal-skilled-immigration-program.html
另外一篇新闻是关于风险投资移民的,转自约克论坛:

有移民律师认为,加拿大移民部仅延长申请时间却不改革移民政策,对於新投资移民计画乏人问津的情况并无助益。
收不满?加拿大风险投资移民申请延至4月15日截止 律师∶门槛过高 申请不如预期
加拿大联邦移民部去年将原投资移民计画「一刀切」,今年再推出「风险投资移民试行计画」(Immigrant Investor Venture Capital Pilot Program),大幅提高申请资格和资金要求,原本收件期限为1月28日至2月11日,但移民部13日通知,即日起重开收件程序并延至4月15日截止。
有移民律师推测,此举是因为当局未能收满预期的申请件数,但仅延期不改「政」也是徒劳,加国过高的移民门槛,已经将九成投资移民「吓跑」。
移民部13日在回覆本报谘询时表示,到11日为止,「风险投资移民」试验计画已收到一些(several)申请件,但部分有兴趣的申请者反应,因在办理资产等相关证明文件时有所延误,无法在截止日期前递件,联邦政府决定重开收件程序,并延至4月中旬截止,让申请人更充足的准备时间。
对此,温哥华有华裔移民律师分析,「可以肯定的是,移民部没有收满500份申请件,根据观察,或许连满足受理60个移民名额的目标都不够」。他并对这样的结果表示「毫不意外」。
他说,保守党政府近几年来不断调整移民政策,结果是让移民加国的门槛愈来愈高,就投资移民来说,当局要求海外申请者必须有从合法商业和投资管道获得的1000万元净资产,并将投资要求提高到200万元,期限为15年,然而这笔资金最後却很有可能血本无归。
他指出,即使财力雄厚,但大专以上文凭和官方语言的听、说、读、写四项技能至少达到五级等要求,已经将一大批富有的移民候选人挡在门外。长此以往,只会让更多人对加拿大移民政策失望,转投美国等其他政策相对宽松的国家。他说,以目前情况来看,起码有九成海外投资移民对移民加拿大的想法打退堂鼓,如果当局不采取有效措施,情况会每况愈下。
他认为,「移民是加国人口和劳动力增长的重要来源,当局今年计画引进28万新移民,但在移民政策上却背道而驰,人口增长不足和劳动力的缺失将导致国民老无所依等社会问题。」
他也批评联邦政府在解决移民申请积案问题上动辄采取「一刀切」手法,从之前的技术移民到现在的投资移民尽皆如此,但之後却未能推出更好的新政来改善移民系统,这次仅仅延长受理时间,对於已经被「吓跑」的移民而言,只是徒劳一场。
今年1月,魁省投资移民计画重启,投资额要求仅80万元,五年後保证还款,引发申请热潮。这或将成为避开联邦风险投资移民的末班车。果然魁省不久前宣布将大幅改革,虽然目前还未出台细则,该律师担心,如果魁省跟进联邦做法,对加国移民环境而言,更是雪上加霜。
移民部网站显示,「风险投资移民试行计画」申请延长到今年4月15日结束收件,或收满500份申请件为止,之後收到的申请件将被退回。移民部会随机抽选并审核资格,直到完成60个移民配额。

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